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Entrepreneurial skill level and self-perception of international young family doctors: Before and after basic entrepreneurship training

  • Erfen Gustiawan Suwangto ,


Link of Video Abstract:


Background: Medical doctors lack entrepreneurship training. Thus, we held training that stimulates international young family doctors (in residency training or under 5 years after residency training) based on modification of standardized modules by International Labor Organization (ILO) in late 2019 until late 2020. This study aimed to measure the character readiness of young family doctors in entrepreneurship, review entrepreneurial traits and tendencies, competency clusters are identified, and get input in this training program.

Methods: This research was qualitative research using a descriptive and cross-sectional approach with voluntary sampling involving 32 young family doctors (members of the Asia Pacific World Organization) from end of 2019 to the end of 2020. We tested entrepreneurial skill level and self-perception before and after training. Data collection used structured and semi-structured questionnaires containing close-ended questions. Further data was analyzed to test significance using t test, paired sample test, and K-means to classify.

Results: Most trainees don’t know about self-serving disclosure, financial relations, and marketing budget in the medical business. There was a significant difference in the pre-test and post-test scores and we got 2 cluster groups with different values regarding entrepreneurial skills and self-perceptions among participants.

Conclusion: self-perception of young family doctors is not ready to become entrepreneurs, so further understanding of entrepreneurial content is needed. There are eight competencies built in this entrepreneurial training. Two competency clusters based on skill level were obtained.


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How to Cite

Erfen Gustiawan Suwangto. (2024). Entrepreneurial skill level and self-perception of international young family doctors: Before and after basic entrepreneurship training. Bali Medical Journal, 13(1), 889–894.




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