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Model prediction formulation of antibiotic type and length of treatment for pediatric typhoid fever patients at Cut Mutia General Hospital, North Aceh, Indonesia

  • Yuziani ,
  • Rizka Sofia ,
  • Wheny Utariningsih ,
  • Adri ,
  • Siti Ghina Faddhillah ,

Abstract

Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/Tnam4IeVlsc 

 

Introduction: Aceh Province is one of the provinces that has the highest typhoid fever cases in Indonesia and North Aceh district is also the number one highest district in Aceh province, this is certainly a special concern in dealing with the problem of appropriate antibiotic use and has effectiveness in predicting length of hospitalization. Antibiotics are drugs of the antimicrobial compound class that are generally used for bacterial infections. The use of antibiotics with good effectiveness can further shorten the length of hospitalization. This can save costs and time in the length of hospitalization, researchers want to see the effectiveness of antibiotics as a predictor of the length of treatment of pediatric typhoid fever patients at Cut Mutia General Hospital, North Aceh. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of antibiotics as a predictor of the length of treatment of pediatric typhoid fever patients at Cut Mutia General Hospital, North Aceh.

Patients and methods: The method researchers took data sources from the medical records of typhoid fever patients in children who fit the inclusion criteria, the data amounted to 160 samples and then analyzed univariate and bivariate data. All analyses considered significant if p<0.05

Results: The results showed that the characteristics of patients with typhoid fever were mostly female (63.8%) and had an age mostly in the school-age category (66.9%). The length of treatment in pediatric typhoid fever patients is mostly less than 7 days (84.4%) and the type of antibiotic used most widely used is Ceftriaxone (59.4%), more toddlers have a length of treatment of fewer than 7 days (92.3%) compared to pre-school age and school age, While school age has more length of treatment more than 7 days (18.7) than a toddler and pre-school age and female gender has more length of treatment less than 7 days (86.3%) than male, while men have more length of treatment more than 7 days (19%). Patients who used Ceftriaxone antibiotics had a longer stay of less than 7 days (87.4%) compared to other types, while patients who used Ciprofloxacin antibiotics had a longer stay of more than 7 days.

Conclusion: The type of antibiotic has a significant relationship with length of stay where Ceftriaxone antibiotics have a 2 times risk of having a length of stay of less than 7 days and age and type of antibiotic can predict the length of stay in typhoid patients.

References

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How to Cite

Yuziani, Sofia, R. ., Utariningsih, W. ., Adri, & Faddhillah, S. G. . (2024). Model prediction formulation of antibiotic type and length of treatment for pediatric typhoid fever patients at Cut Mutia General Hospital, North Aceh, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 13(1), 477–481. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v13i1.4932

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